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A Guide to the Peace Process
@@Since its establishment in 1948, the State of Israel  has sought peace with its neighbors through direct negotiations. However, its efforts to reach out for peace and to open direct channels of dialogue were not met by similar efforts on the Arab side. Until the 1991 Madrid Conference, only Egypt had accepted Israel's offer to negotiate face-to-face. Egyptian President Anwar Sadat accepted Prime Minister Begin's invitation for dialogue, and the two countries embarked on historic bilateral negotiations which led to the 1978 Camp David Accords and the 1979 Israel-Egypt peace treaty. Since then, peace has prevailed on our mutual border and cooperation between the two states is growing.

@@In May 1989, Israel presented a new peace initiative. The breakup of the Soviet Union and the Gulf War produced a change in the basic political order of the Middle East, prompting the Arab world to reassess its attitude toward Israel and to enter into negotiations to build a new future for the Middle East.

@@In October 1991, a conference was convened in Madrid to inaugurate direct peace talks. Subsequently, bilateral negotiations were conducted between Israel and Syria, Lebanon, Jordan and the Palestinians, as well as multilateral talks on key regional issues. To date, these negotiations have resulted in a peace treaty between Israel and Jordan, and a series of interim agreements with the Palestinians.

Please click for more information:
Guide to the Peace Process
Terrorism: Obstacle to Peace
Developments in the Peace Process
Reference Documents

Palestinian Terrorism and the Israeli Response

@@The wave of violence which erupted at the end of September 2000 has evolved into an ugly wave of terrorism, of a kind and severity unknown in Israel in recent years.

1000 Days of Palestinian Terror & Violence in Figures (June 25, 2003)
810 people killed - 567 of whom are Israeli civilians and 243 Israeli soldiers.
5,600 people injured - 3953 of whom are civilians and 1647 soldiers.
An estimated 2,330 Palestinians have been killed, and 14,000 injured.
A total of 348 people died in a suicide bombings.
A total of 177 people died as a result of shooting attacks.
A total of 18052 attacks carried out by Palestinian terrorists - 7673 in the West Bank, 9649 in the Gaza Strip, 730 on the home front.

Please click the following websites for more information:
Victims of Palestinian Violence and Terrorism since September 2000
Palestinian Violence and Terrorism Since September 2000
DISPUTED TERRITORIES: Forgotten Facts About the West Bank and Gaza Strip
Which Come First - Terrorism or "Occupation"?
Answers to Frequently Asked Questions
CBS News' 60 Minutes on "Arafat's Billions"
Terrorist Misuse of Medical Services to Further Terrorist Activity

The anti-terrorist fence: Israel's line of defense - special MFA website

Exploitation of Women, Teenager and Children in Suicide Terrorism
@@During the Al-Aqsa intifada we have witnessed an evolving phenomenon of the exploitation of women, teenagers and children by various terrorist organizations in order to perpetrate terrorist attacks, among them suicide attacks against Israeli civilian and military targets.

@@Children and teenagers between the ages of 11 and 18 have over the past few months carried out suicide and other terrorist attacks in which innocent Israeli civilians have been killed and injured.  Click for more information on the Participation of Children and Teenagers in Terrorist Activitiy during the "Al-Aqsa" Intifada >>

@@Israel's security forces are aware of more than 20 cases in which women were involved in sabotage activity against Israeli targets. The terrorist organizations behind the attacks want to exploit the advantages of dispatching females to perpetrate them, primarily within the Green Line. This is under the assumption that a female is thought of as soft, gentle, and innocent and therefore will arouse less suspicion than a man. Click for more information on The Role of Palestinian Women in Suicide Terrorism >>

The Involvement of Iraq, Iran and Syria in the Palestinian Terrorist Activity against Israel
@@During the Aqsa intifada, Iraq's direct and deep involvement in strengthening the terrorist infrastructures in Judea and Samaria in order to improve their capabilities in carrying out fatal terrorist attacks against Israeli targets, was exposed. Over the past few months Iraq has given substantial financial and military aid to terrorist organizations operating under its purview. Click for more information on Iraq's Involvement in the Palestinian Terrorist Activity against Israel >>

@@Iran perceives Israel as an enemy that must be destroyed and also as the country that took control of Islamic holy lands and is exploiting the Palestinians. Moreover, Israel is perceived as an emissary of the West, whose goal is to destroy Islam. Thus, armed conflict against Israel is a central and strategic interest on both the political and religious planes. Click for more information on Iranian activities in support of the Palestinian intifada >>

@@Iran and Syria have been pursuing to this day a consistent strategy of encouraging the Intifada and fully supporting the terrorist attacks in Israel. The goal of this strategy is to make the Iranian-Syrian axis dominant in the Middle East, to promote the national interests of the axis member states and to bring about a significant weakening of Israel. Click for more information on Iran and Syria as Strategic Support for Palestinian Terrorism >>

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